Tasty Martian Moon
NASA not too long ago introduced that its Mars Odyssey orbiter took a tasty snapshot of the Martian moon Phobos utilizing its infrared digicam.
Since 2001, Odyssey has been dutifully orbiting the Crimson Planet. Billed as wanting “like a rainbow-colored jawbreaker,” the colourful photographs might assist scientists decide extra in regards to the floor of Phobos and, maybe, put together to in the future land a spacecraft there.
Three thermal photographs of the Martian moon Phobos as seen by Odyssey in 2017, 2018, and 2019. Supply: NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/SSI
Every shade within the picture represents a unique temperature, and additional evaluation might assist clue NASA researchers into what awaits on Phobos’ floor. Odyssey first turned its thermal digicam towards Phobos in late 2017, however that is the primary time it’s caught Phobos throughout its full moon section, that means extra gentle was shed on its floor, leading to a extra colourful picture.
“With the half-moon views, we might see how tough or clean the floor is and the way it’s layered,” stated Joshua Bandfield, a senior analysis scientist on the Area Sciences Institute, stated in a press launch, “Now we’re gathering information on what minerals are in it, together with metals.”
Preliminary evaluation means that Phobos incorporates some iron and nickel. The precise amount of every might assist decide whether or not Phobos was as soon as part of Mars or if it shaped from chunks of asteroids.
Whereas Phobos has lengthy been a goal of missions launched by each the Russian house company and NASA, no craft has efficiently set down on its floor. That makes a 2024 pattern return mission to the moon deliberate by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Company all of the extra thrilling.
Phobos has, up to now, been thought-about as a chance for human base constructing in an effort to help crewed missions to Mars. Figuring out the moon’s actual make-up would drastically support in planning such a settlement — and that’s what makes these colourful candids even sweeter.
READ MORE: Why This Martian Full Moon Seems to be Like Sweet [NASA JPL]
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